Useful Terminologies in Turkey Farming
Tom: Adult male turkey
Hem: Adult female turkey
Poult: Young one of turkey
Snood or Dew bill: The fleshy protuberance near the base of the beck
Caruncles: The fleshy protuberance on the head and neck usually pink or red in color which appear from about 5th week of age
Dewlap: A large flap skin seen immediately below the chim
Bread: A tuft of hair attached to the skin of the upper chest region
Strut: Mating behavior of male turkey
Shooting the red (Similar to an ulcer): The development of caruncles and this is supposed to indicate the most difficult time in the life of young turkey
Debeaking: Poults should be debeaked to control feather picking and cannibalism. Debeaking
can be done at day old or 3-5 weeks of age. Remove the beak at about one half the
distance from nostril to the tip of the beak.
Desnooding: Removal of the snood or dewbill is to prevent the head injuries from picking and
fighting. At the day old the snood can be removed by shumbnail or finger pressure. At 3
weeks of age it can be cut off close to the head with sharp scissors.
Detoeing or toe clipping: Clipping is done at day old by removing the tip of the toe just to the inside of the
outer most toe pad including the entire toe nail.